Temperature measurement, bimetal thermometer, bimetallic, spiral, refrigerator, freezer

Bimetallic strip thermometer

This article provides answers to the following questions, among others: How do bimetal thermometers work?Why is the bimetal wrapped into a spiral or a helix?Why are...
Temperature measurement, liquid filled thermometer, Bourdon tube, pointer

Liquid filled thermometer (liquid-in-metal)

This article provides answers to the following questions, among others: How do a liquid-in-metal thermometers work?Why should the inner diameter of the coiled tube be kept...
Temperature measurement, gas filled thermometer, Bourdon tube, pinion, rack, pointer, lever, pivot

Gas filled thermometer (gas-in-metal)

This article provides answers to the following questions, among others: How do gas filled thermometers work?What are the advantages of gas-in-metal thermometers compared to liquid-in-metal...
Temperature measurement, gas filled thermometer, Bourdon tube, pointer

Vapour pressure thermometer (vapour-in-metal)

This article provides answers to the following questions, among others: How do vapor pressure thermometers work?Why do vapor pressure thermometers have a non-linear scale?
temperature, measurement, resistance thermometer, Pt100

Resistance Temperature Detector (Resistance thermometer)

This article provides answers to the following questions, among others: How do resistance thermometers work?Why should the measurement current for an RTD be as low as...
temperature measurement, thermocouple

Thermocouple

This article provides answers to the following questions, among others: How does a thermocouple work?What is the Seebeck effect?What are the differences between the types of...
temperature, measurement, infrared thermometer, pyrometer

Infrared thermometer (Pyrometer)

This article provides answers to the following questions, among others: How do IR thermometers (pyrometers) work?What are the advantages of pyrometers?
temperature measurement, infrared thermal imaging camera, car, false colors

Thermal imaging camera

This article provides answers to the following questions, among others: How do thermal imaging cameras work?Why is the thermal image displayed in false colors?
black body radiation, white glow, 5778 K, temperature, sun

Blackbody radiation

This article provides answers to the following questions, among others: What determines the colour of an object?What is a black-body in the physical sense?How can the...
Stefan Boltzmann Law, radiation, black-body, cavity, photon gas, derivation

Stefan–Boltzmann law

This article provides answers to the following questions, among others: What dows the Stefan-Boltzmann law state?What does Kirchhoff's law of thermal radiation state?Why are blackbodies ideal...
kinetic theory of gases, gas pressure, velocity, speed, distribution

Pressure and temperature

This article provides answers to the following questions, among others: What is the kinetic theory of gases?What are the assumptions on which the kinetic theory of...
kinetic theory of gases, gas pressure, distribution, equipartition theorem

Equipartition theorem

This article provides answers to the following questions, among others: What statement does the equipartition theorem provide?What is a degree of freedom in the thermodynamic sense?Why...
speed distribution, particles, gas, speed filter, velocity selector, drum, groove, effusion oven, molecular beam, vacuum chamber, aperture, collimator, particle detector

Determination of the speed distribution in a gas

This article provides answers to the following questions, among others: How can the speeds of the particles in a gas be determined experimentally?What is a histogram?What...
Maxwell-Boltzmann distribution, ideal gas, temperature, influence, dependency

Maxwell–Boltzmann distribution

This article provides answers to the following questions, among others: What is the Maxwell-Boltzmann distribution?For which "substances" does the Maxwell-Boltzmann distribution only apply?How is the area...
Maxwell-Boltzmann distribution, kinetic theory of gases, derivation, balls, model conception, vibrating, vibration, plate

Derivation of the Maxwell-Boltzmann distribution function

This article provides answers to the following questions, among others: How is the Maxwell-Boltzmann distribution function derived? Introduction
Maxwell-Boltzmann distribution, evaporation, liquid

Evaporation of liquids

This article provides answers to the following questions, among others: How can the evaporation of liquids be explained?Why does a cooling effect occur during evaporation?Why does...
mean free path, kinetic theory of gases, collision cylinder, calculate, determine

Mean free path & collision frequency

This article provides answers to the following questions, among others: What is a mean free path and how is it calculated?What ist the collision frequency how...
kinetic theory of gases, heat capacity, degrees of freedom, translation, rotation, vibration, oscillation, energy

Internal energy & heat capacity

This article provides answers to the following questions, among others: What is the internal energy of a gas?What are the characteristics of the thermal...