Water tower

Applications and examples of hydrostatic pressure

This article provides answers to the following questions, among others: Which properties of the hydrostatic pressure could Pascal demonstrate with his barrel experiment?How does the pressure...
Calculation of the outflow speed of a liquid through an orifice (Torricelli's law theorem)

Discharge of liquids (Torricelli’s law)

Torricelli's law (Torricelli's theorem) states that the discharge velocity of a liquid equals a free fall of the liquid from the liquid surface to the opening of the tank.
Demonstration of the siphon-spillway-principle

Siphon

This article provides answers to the following questions, among others: How does a siphon work?What is the maximum height to the apex of the flexible tube...
Hydraulic bottle jack

How does a hydraulic jack work: Pascals law

A hydraulic jack is based on Pascal's law, which states that the pressure in liquids acts equally in all directions. This article...
Container ship

How do boats float: Buoyancy in liquids

Buoyancy is the force directed against gravity that an object experiences when submerged in a fluid (liquid or gas). More information on how buoyancy is formed can be found...
Hot air balloon

How does a hot air balloon work: Buoyancy in gases

Buoyant forces act not only in liquids but also in gases. This will be illustrated in the following by the example of a hot air balloon.