Ladle transfer car

From pig iron to crude steel

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This article provides answers to the following questions, among others: Why is pig iron brittle?What are red shortness and hot shortness?What ist Linz–Donawitz-steelmaking?Why is scrap added...
Electro-slag remelting process (ESR)

From crude steel to steel

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This article provides answers to the following questions, among others: What is secondary metallurgy?What is rimmed steel, semi-killed steel and killed steel?For what purpose is vacuum...
Continuous casting of steel

From steel to semi-finished products

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This article provides answers to the following questions, among others: What are slabs?What are bottom and top pouring?What are the advantages of rimmed steel?Why is only...