Ladle metallurgy, ladle car, crude steel, tapping, casting, secondary metallurgy

From pig iron to crude steel

This article provides answers to the following questions, among others: Why is pig iron brittle?What are red shortness and hot shortness?What ist Linz–Donawitz-steelmaking?Why is scrap added...
Electroslag remelting process, ESR process, secondary metallurgy, slag, electrode, melt, mould

From crude steel to steel

This article provides answers to the following questions, among others: What is secondary metallurgy?What is rimmed steel, semi-killed steel and killed steel?For what purpose is vacuum...
Continuous casting, slab, casting ladle, pouring basin, cooling water, mould, rollers, cutting torches

From steel to semi-finished products

This article provides answers to the following questions, among others: What are slabs?What are bottom and top pouring?What are the advantages of rimmed steel?Why is only...