Balls on a vibrating plate

Derivation of the Maxwell-Boltzmann distribution function

The Maxwell-Boltzmann distribution function of the molecular speed of ideal gases can be derived from the barometric formula. This article shows the derivation.
Pressure distribution during compression of a gas

Equipartition theorem

This article provides answers to the following questions, among others: What statement does the equipartition theorem provide?What is a degree of freedom in the thermodynamic sense?Why...
Mean free path

Mean free path & collision frequency

The mean free path is the average distance a particle travels without colliding with other particles! Learn more about the mean free path in this article!
Degrees of freedom of a molecule

Internal energy & heat capacity

This article provides answers to the following questions, among others: What is the internal energy of a gas?What are the characteristics of the thermal...