Cooling curve of a pure substance

Heat of solidification

This article provides answers to the following questions, among others: Why does the temperature remain constant when pure substances solidify?How can it be explained on a microscopic level that the temperature is...
Critical nucleus radius and activation energy for nucleation

Homogeneous nucleation

This article provides answers to the following questions, among others: How can the Gibbs energy be used to assess whether a process is voluntary or not?How can the different states of matter...
Dendritic crystal growth (nucleus growth)

Crystal growth

This article provides answers to the following questions, among others: What is polygonal crystal growth?What distinguishes a microstructure with polygonal crystal growth?What is dendritic crystal growth?What distinguishes a microstructure with dendritic crystal...
Microstructure of polycrystalline iron

Microstructure formation

This article provides answers to the following questions, among others: What is meant by a microstructure?What are grains and grain boundaries?What is a single crystal and a polycrystal?Why is a fine-grained microstructure...